The two Belgian intelligence services, i.e. State Security and the General Intelligence and Security Service, had to operate in a legal vacuum for a long time. Since 1991, regulations in the intelligence sector have greatly increased. By the 18 July 1991 Review Act (download pdf EN) the intelligence and security services were subjected to the review of the Standing Committee I.
A second milestone was the 30 November 1998 Act governing the intelligence and security services (download pdf EN), which for the first time set out the responsibilities of the civil and military intelligence services.
Since then, many other laws have been added: the 11 December 1998 Act governing the system of classification and security clearances (download pdf FR), the 11 December 1998 Act designating the Standing Committee I as the appeal body for security clearances (download pdf FR), the 3 April 2003 Act entrusting the General Intelligence and Security Service with eavesdropping competences (download pdf FR), the 3 May 2005 Act (download pdf FR) giving the practice of security certificates and security advice a legal basis.
The 10 July 2006 Act (download pdf FR) set up the Coordination Unit for Threat Assessment.
More recently, the 4 February 2010 Act on intelligence collection methods (download pdf FR) has been passed by the Belgian parliament and give the Belgian intelligence services extensive powers as from September 2010. The powers of the Standing Committee I have also been significantly extended by this new legislation.
For a full overview of all standards (treaties, laws, royal decrees and ministerial orders, but also relevant directives and cooperation agreements), we refer to the table of contents of the Intelligence Services Codex issued by the Standing Committee I (download pdf FR - NL )